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Religion in Iran. Sunni and Shi’i are the two largest branches of Islam, with the overwhelming majority of Iranians practicing Shi’i Islam. About 90 percent of Iranians practice Shi’ism, the official religion of Iran. By contrast, most Arab states in the Middle East are predominantly Sunni. The remaining associate themselves with non-Islamic religious minorities, including Bahá’ís, Mandeans, Yarsanis, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians.
Therefore, it took another few hundred years for Shia Islam to gather and become a religious and political power in Iran. Although Shias have lived in Iran since the earliest days of Islam, and there had been Shia dynasties in parts of Iran during the 10th and 11th centuries. So, In 1501, the Safavid dynasty established Twelver Shia Islam as the official state religion of Iran.
Every year many pilgrims visit Iran for Ziarat from all around the world.
The Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of Twelver Shiites. It is the largest mosque in the world. Also contained within the complex are the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetery, the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, vast prayer halls, and other buildings. The complex is one of the tourism centers in Iran and has been described as “the heart of the Shia Iran”.
3 Hours Before Flight Time
You will arrive at Tehran’s international airport (IKIA). Our guide will meet you upon arrival and take you to your hotel. The guide is there to help you change money and get you a sim card if you want. So, don’t hesitate to ask for help or any questions about Iran and Tehran.
Today in Tehran we will visit:
Sa’dabad Complex is located in the North part of Tehran and built during the Qajar and Pahlavi dynasty the complex contains 18 palaces surrounded by gardens in an area of 300 hectares. the main palaces in the complex are the white and green palaces. In the 1920s Reza Shah added some buildings to the complex and used the palace as a summer residence. In the 1970s his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, moved there and after the 1979 revolution the complex was transformed into a museum.
Tajrish is a city in Shemiranat province which has been absorbed into Tehran. The Tajrish bazar is located in the North part of Tehran right next to the mountains. It is much smaller than the grand bazar but it still has its own characteristics. The bazar backs onto the Imam Zadeh Saleh shrine a popular local pilgrimage site and also houses excellent restaurants and tea houses.
Then we will visit Palladium Shopping Mall.
In the morning we will fly to Mashhad.
Mashhad is the second most populous city in Iran and the capital of Razavi Khorasan Province. It was a major oasis along the ancient Silk Road connecting with Merv to the east. The city is named after the “shrine” of Imam Reza, the eighth Shia Imam.
In Mashhad we will visit:
The Imam Reza shrine which is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of Twelve Shiites. It is the largest mosque in the world by area.
In the afternoon, we will visit Bazar in Mashhad.
Today in Mashhad we will visit:
Goharshad Mosque is a former free standing mosque in Mashhad which now serves as one of the prayer halls within the Imam Reza shrine complex.It was built by the order of Empress Goharshad, the wife of Shah Rukh of the Timurid dynasty in 1418 CE.
The Imam Reza Shrine is one of the most touristy places of Iran, The complex is one of the tourism centers in Iran and has been described as “the heart of the Shia Iran”.
Finally, we will go to the Shopping malls and Bazars.
Today we will fly to Tehran and we will visit:
Tabiat (Nature) Bridge is designed by young female architect. It in Tehran has become one of the must-see places while in the Iranian capital. Located between two public parks, and spanning the width of the Moddares Motorway, the park is packed with several restaurants and cafes a place to admire the north and south view of the city.
Today we will take you to Qom and we will visit The Mausoleum of Ruhollah Khomeini on our way.
Sayyid Ruhollah Mūsavi Khomeini was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution that saw the overthrow of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and the end of 2,500 years of Persian monarchy.
Qom is considered holy by Shiʿa Islam, as it is the site of the shrine of Fatimah bint Musa, sister of Imam Ali ibn Musa Rida (Persian Imam Reza, 789–816 CE). The city is the largest center for Shiʿa scholarship in the world, and is a significant destination of pilgrimage.
Today we will visit Jamkaran.
The Jamkaran Mosque is one of the primary significant mosques in the city of Qom. In 1995-2005 the mosque’s reputation spread, and many pilgrims, particularly young people, began to come to it. In the rear of the mosque there is a “well of requests” where it is believed the Twelfth Imam once “became miraculously unhidden for a brief shining moment of loving communion with his Creator.” Pilgrims tie small strings in a knot around the grids covering the holy well, which they hope will be received by the Imam Mahdi. Every morning custodians cut off the strings from the previous day.
In the afternoon, we will visit Bazar and will take you to the Airport hotel.
O/N Airport Hotel
Today we will be take you to the international airport (IKIA) according to our flight time.