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Muḥarram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. In other words, It is one of the four sacred months of the year during which warfare is forbidden. In fact, it is held to be the second holiest month, after Ramaḍān.
The tenth day of Muharram is known as the Day of Ashura, part of the Mourning of Muharram for Shia Muslims and a day of fasting for Sunni Muslims. Therefore, Muslims mourn the death of Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī and his family, honoring the martyrs by prayer and abstinence from joyous events
3 Hours Before Flight Time
You will arrive at Tehran’s international airport (IKIA). Our guide will meet you upon arrival and take you to your hotel. The guide is there to help you change money and get you a sim card if you want. So don’t hesitate to ask for help or any questions about Iran and Tehran.
Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and the 32nd capital city of Iran through its 5000 year old history.
In Tehran we will visit:
The magnificent Golestan Palace which is a world heritage site located in the south of Tehran right next to the Bazar. Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty chose Tehran as his capital. The Golestan palace became the official residence of the Qajar dynasty. Almost this entire complex was built during the 131 year’s rule of the Qajar kings. These palaces were used for many different occasions such as coronations and other important celebrations.
Then we will visit Tehran Grand Bazar. Tehran Grand Bazar, which is the old economy heart of the city, is full of shops, mosques and banks. You can find anything you can think of besides fresh product. Despite relying heavily on this historical legacy, much of the bazaar itself was constructed much later. The walls and passages in the bazaar, rarely exceed 400 years, with many being constructed or rebuilt within the last 200 years. The bazaar grew as a “city within a city” for much of the 19th century, and was able to expand largely and without much outside interference.
The National Museum of Iran was opened in 1937. The building was designed by a French architect, André Godard and even today is one of the most attractive modern buildings in Tehran.
Today we will take you to Kashan and visit:
The Fin garden which ranks among the finest traditional gardens in Iran. Tracing its history at least to the 5th millennium B.C., the fin garden was kept alive with never ending water from the Soleimaniyeh spring perhaps as old as history itself. The garden contains numerous cypress trees and combines architectural features of the Safavid, Zandiyeh and Qajar periods.
The Borujerdi house is perhaps the most spectacular sight in Kashan. Built by a famous merchant of Kashan known as Brujeddi. Constructed in the 19th century the house was built because of love. When Mr.Borujerdi wanted to marry the daughter of Tabatabaie (one of the rich and famous merchants of Kashan) he said he wanted a house worthy of his daughter. The house is decorated with stucco, glass work, and mirror work, and it took 17 years to be built.
Agha Bozorg Mosque was built late in the 18th century in the center of the city. its mostly famous for its attractive appearance and symmetric architecture. The mosque was constructed for prayers and the classes which were taught by a Molla famous by the title of Agha bozorg which was given to him by the king which means great or big lord and the word madreseh means school.
Today we will take you to Isfahan and visit Abyaneh on our way.
Abyaneh village is one of the oldest villages in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies.
An Abyanaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colourful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Abyunaki people have persistently maintained this traditional costume.
In Isfahan we will start with the Chehel Sotun Palace, translated to Farsi means the 40-pillar palace. The palace itself only has 20 pillars, but because of the reflection of the pillars on the water it turns in to 40. Built by the order of shah Abbas II it is one of the 9 Persian gardens which is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Then we will visit:
Naqsh-e Jahan Square (Image of the World Square) is the most magnificent sight of Isfahan. A huge arena 510m long and 163m wide. Its the second largest historical square in the world and Housing some of the most majestic structures of the Islamic world, it’s designated by UNESCO as a universal heritage site.
Located in the eastern side of the square and built during the safavid empire the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is one of the architectural masterpieces of Iranian architecture. The purpose of this mosque was for it to be private for the royal family for this reason the mosque does not have any minarets and is small.
The Ali Qapu Palace is located on the western side of the Square, opposite to Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque. It is forty-eight meters high and has six floors. The Ali Qapu generally is the entrance or supreme gate to the complex of palaces and public buildings of the Safavi Government.
The Shah Mosque is in the south side of the Square and is the largest and the most magnificent monument of the savavid reign. It was built by the order of shah abbas. Unlike most buildings of importance in the Islamic period, this square did not lie in alignment with Mecca, so beside the entrance the rest of the mosque is built on an angle facing the house of God (Mecca).
Today we will spend our time in Bazar and Naghshe Jahan Sqaure.
Today we will take you to Yazd and you will visit Chak Chak Fire temple on our way.
It is the most sacred of the mountain shrines of Zoroastrianism. Located near the city of Ardakan. Chak Chak serves as a pilgrimage point for pious Zoroastrians. Each year from June 14–18 many thousands of Zoroastrians from Iran, India and other countries flock to the fire temple at Pir-e Sabz. Tradition has it that pilgrims are to stop riding the moment they catch sight of the temple and complete the last leg of their journey on foot.
Muḥarram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year during which warfare is forbidden. It is held to be the second holiest month, after Ramaḍān. The tenth day of Muharram is known as the Day of Ashura, part of the Mourning of Muharram for Shia Muslims and a day of fasting for Sunni Muslims. Shia Muslims mourn the death of Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī and his family, honoring the martyrs by prayer and abstinence from joyous events.
Today in Tasu’a, the ninth day of Muharram and the day before Ashura several events occurred, including: Shemr’s entrance to Karbala, the granting of safe conduct for the children of Umm ul-Banin, preparation for war; and Husayn ibn Ali and his companions were besieged by the enemy (as part of the Battle of Karbala).
In the days of Ashura and Tasua, Muslims go to mosques and Takiehs or go to mourning ceremonies.
Ashura is the tenth day of Muḥarram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. For the majority of Shia Muslims Ashura marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram, and commemorates the death of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram in the year 61 AH (in AHt: October 10, 680 CE).
Shia’s begin mourning from the first night of Muharram and continue for ten nights, climaxing on the 10th of Muharram, known as the Day of Ashura. The last few days up until and including the Day of Ashura are the most important because these were the days in which Husayn and his family and followers (including women, children and elderly people) were deprived of water from the 7th onward and on the 10th. Husayn and 72 of his followers were killed by the army of Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala on Yazid’s orders.
In Yazd we will visit:
The Tower of Silence, a circular raised structure built by Zoroastrians for decomposing of dead bodies. They do this by exposing the dead bodies to carrion birds usually vultures. The reason for this unusual method is that they did not want the body to be exposed to the elements which are sacred in their religion so water earth and fire are not permitted.
The Zoroastrian Fire Temple is known as Atashkadeh. Yazd is a place of worship for the zorashtians it holds the atash bahram meaning the victorious fire which has been burning from 400bc. The Bahram Atash is one of nine in the world the other eight are in India.
Dowlat Abad Garden is a unesco world heritage site built around 1750.It was built on the tradition and principle of symmetrical design of the Persian garden and has the tallest wind catcher in all of Iran standing over 33m.
The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is a 12century mosque which is still being used today. According to historians the mosque was constructed in the site of the Sassanid fire temple. The mosque is crowned by a pair of minarets, the highest in Iran, and the portal’s is decorated from top to bottom in tile work.
Amir Chakhmaq Square is square located in the heart of the city and named after Amir Jalaleddin Chakhmaq the governor of Yazd. It includes several old structures such as a bazar, mosque, water storage and mausoleum that are all listed as national heritage sites.
Today we will take you to Shiraz and we will visit:
Persepolis which was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire. Darius the great ordered the construction of Persepolis in around 518 B.C. It was a fabulous repository of the most spectacular architectural and artistic achievements anywhere in the ancient world, and was the holy center at that time just as Mecca, Jerusalem and the Vatican are today.
Then we will visit Naqsh-e-Rustam. The mountain provides a remarkable natural screen with the tomb chambers of the Achaemenid kings carved into the rock and the Sassanid carvings exhibits combat scenes of Iran’s most legendry kings and heroes.
Today in Shiraz we will visit:
The Nasir al-Mulk Mosque also known as the pink mosque which was built under Qajar rule. Nasir al mulk is considered to be one the most beautiful mosques in Iran. It’s better to be visited in the early morning when the light streams inside through seven stained glass doors.
Narenjestan Ghavam house or mansion was built originally by the Qavams a rich and powerful family which ruled semi independently over Fars and the Persian Gulf coast; they were rich to the extent of the Qajar period. The construction of the mansion took almost ten years.
Vakil Bazaar is the main bazar of Shiraz located in the historical center of the city. Built in 1766 with the best traditions of Iranian urban architecture. The bazaar has beautiful courtyards, caravanserais, bath houses, and old shops it is among the best places in Shiraz to buy all kinds of Persian rugs, spices, copper handicrafts and antiques.
The Karim Khan Castle was built as part of a complex during the Zand dynasty it served as Karim khans quarters the shape from the outside resembles a medieval fortress and it was named after Karim Khan the founder of the Zand dynasty.
Mausoleum of Hafez is a memorial garden created in the memory of the celebrated Persian poet Hafez. His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are often found in the homes of people in the Persian speaking world.
Today we will spend our time in Bazar.
In the afternoon, we will fly to Tehran.
Today we will be transferred to the international airport (IKIA).